General Dynamics Reports Fourth-Quarter and Full-Year 2023 Financial Results – PR Newswire

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RESTON, Va., Jan. 24, 2024 /PRNewswire/ — General Dynamics (NYSE: GD) today reported quarterly net earnings of $1 billion, or $3.64 diluted earnings per share (EPS). Revenue of $11.7 billion was up 7.5% over the year-ago quarter.
For the full year, net earnings were $3.3 billion, or $12.02 per diluted share. Full-year revenue was $42.3 billion, a 7.3% increase from 2022.

“We had a solid fourth quarter, capping off a year that saw growth in all four segments and continued strong cash flow,” said Phebe N. Novakovic, chairman and chief executive officer. “Our Aerospace segment in particular saw solid execution and continued demand in the quarter and is well positioned for a surge in deliveries upon FAA certification of the G700.”
Cash
Net cash provided by operating activities in the quarter totaled $1.2 billion, or 119% of net earnings. For the year, net cash provided by operating activities totaled a record-high $4.7 billion, or 142% of net earnings.
During the year, the company reduced debt by $1.2 billion, invested $904 million in capital expenditures, paid $1.4 billion in dividends, and used $434 million to repurchase shares, ending 2023 with $1.9 billion in cash and equivalents on hand.
Backlog
Orders remained strong across the company with a consolidated book-to-bill ratio, defined as orders divided by revenue, of 0.8- to-1 for the quarter and 1.1-to-1 for the year. Backlog of $93.6 billion was the highest year-end backlog in the company’s history. In addition to backlog, estimated potential contract value, representing management’s estimate of additional value in unfunded indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contracts and unexercised options, was $38.3 billion at year end. Total estimated contract value, the sum of all backlog components, was $132 billion at the end of the year.
In the Aerospace segment, orders in the quarter totaled $3.2 billion, growing backlog to $20.5 billion, up 4.8% from the year-ago quarter. Aerospace book-to-bill was 1.2-to-1 for the quarter and the year.
In the three defense segments, significant awards in the quarter included an IDIQ contract with maximum potential value of $2.5 billion from the Indian Health Service to modernize its electronic health record system; an IDIQ contract with maximum potential value of $975 million to provide mission command training and technical support services to the U.S. Army; $395 million, with options having maximum potential value of $840 million, for maintenance and modernization of two U.S. Navy Arleigh Burke-class (DDG-51) guided-missile destroyers; a contract with maximum potential value of $420 million to provide ongoing lead-yard services for the Navy’s DDG-51 program; $265 million for various munitions and ordnance; and $245 million, with maximum potential value of $590 million, for several key contracts for classified customers.
About General Dynamics
Headquartered in Reston, Virginia, General Dynamics is a global aerospace and defense company that offers a broad portfolio of products and services in business aviation; ship construction and repair; land combat vehicles, weapons systems and munitions; and technology products and services. General Dynamics employs more than 100,000 people worldwide and generated $42.3 billion in revenue in 2023. More information is available at www.gd.com.
WEBCAST INFORMATION: General Dynamics will webcast its fourth-quarter and full-year 2023 financial results conference call today at 9 a.m. EST. The webcast will be a listen-only audio event available at GD.com. An on-demand replay of the webcast will be available by telephone two hours after the end of the call through January 31, 2024, at 1-800-770-2030 (international: +1 647-362-9199), conference ID 4299949. Charts furnished to investors and securities analysts in connection with General Dynamics‘ announcement of its financial results are available at GD.com. General Dynamics intends to supplement those charts on its website after its earnings call today to include information about 2024 guidance presented during the call.
This press release contains forward-looking statements (FLS), including statements about the company‘s future operational and financial performance, which are based on management‘s expectations, estimates, projections and assumptions. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “believes,” “forecasts,” “scheduled,” “outlook,” “estimates,” “should” and variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify FLS. In making FLS, we rely on assumptions and analyses based on our experience and perception of historical trends; current conditions and expected future developments; and other factors, estimates and judgments we consider reasonable and appropriate based on information available to us at the time. FLS are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended. FLS are not guarantees of future performance and involve factors, risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. Actual future results and trends may differ materially from what is forecast in the FLS. All FLS speak only as of the date they were made. We do not undertake any obligation to update or publicly release revisions to FLS to reflect events, circumstances or changes in expectations after the date of this press release. Additional information regarding these factors is contained in the company‘s filings with the SEC, and these factors may be revised or supplemented in future SEC filings. In addition, this press release contains some financial measures not prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
While we believe these non-GAAP metrics provide useful information for investors, there are limitations associated with their use, and our calculations of these metrics may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Non-GAAP metrics should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, GAAP measures. Reconciliations to comparable GAAP measures and other information relating to our non-GAAP measures are included in other filings with the SEC, which are available at investorrelations.gd.com.
EXHIBIT A

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EARNINGS – (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS

Three Months Ended December 31  
Variance  
2023
2022
$
%
Revenue
$
11,668
$
10,851
$          817
7.5 %
Operating costs and expenses
(10,380)
(9,624)
(756)
Operating earnings
1,288
1,227
61
5.0 %
Other, net
17
69
(52)
Interest, net
(78)
(85)
7
Earnings before income tax
1,227
1,211
16
1.3 %
Provision for income tax, net
(222)
(219)
(3)
Net earnings
$
1,005
$
992
$            13
1.3 %
Earnings per share—basic
$
3.68
$
3.62
$         0.06
1.7 %
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
272.8
274.0
Earnings per share—diluted
$
3.64
$
3.58
$         0.06
1.7 %
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
275.9
277.2
EXHIBIT B

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EARNINGS – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS
Year Ended December 31
Variance
2023
2022
$
%
Revenue
$
42,272
$
39,407
$       2,865
7.3 %
Operating costs and expenses
(38,027)
(35,196)
(2,831)
Operating earnings
4,245
4,211
34
0.8 %
Other, net
82
189
(107)
Interest, net
(343)
(364)
21
Earnings before income tax
3,984
4,036
(52)
(1.3) %
Provision for income tax, net
(669)
(646)
(23)
Net earnings
$
3,315
$
3,390
$        (75)
(2.2) %
Earnings per share—basic
$
12.14
$
12.31
$     (0.17)
(1.4) %
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
273.1
275.3
Earnings per share—diluted
$
12.02
$
12.19
$     (0.17)
(1.4) %
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
275.7
278.2
EXHIBIT C

REVENUE AND OPERATING EARNINGS BY SEGMENT – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
Three Months Ended December 31
Variance
2023
2022
$
%
Revenue:
Aerospace
$                   2,744
$                   2,450
$            294
12.0 %
Marine Systems
3,408
2,969
439
14.8 %
Combat Systems
2,364
2,179
185
8.5 %
Technologies
3,152
3,253
(101)
(3.1) %
Total
$                 11,668
$                 10,851
$            817
7.5 %
Operating earnings:
Aerospace
$                      449
$                      337
$            112
33.2 %
Marine Systems
217
237
(20)
(8.4) %
Combat Systems
351
332
19
5.7 %
Technologies
305
340
(35)
(10.3) %
Corporate
(34)
(19)
(15)
(78.9) %
Total
$                   1,288
$                   1,227
$              61
5.0 %
Operating margin:
Aerospace
16.4 %
13.8 %
Marine Systems
6.4 %
8.0 %
Combat Systems
14.8 %
15.2 %
Technologies
9.7 %
10.5 %
Total
11.0 %
11.3 %
EXHIBIT D

REVENUE AND OPERATING EARNINGS BY SEGMENT – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
Year Ended December 31
Variance
2023
2022
$
%
Revenue:
Aerospace
$                   8,621
$                    8,567
$                54
0.6 %
Marine Systems
12,461
11,040
1,421
12.9 %
Combat Systems
8,268
7,308
960
13.1 %
Technologies
12,922
12,492
430
3.4 %
Total
$                 42,272
$                 39,407
$           2,865
7.3 %
Operating earnings:
Aerospace
$                   1,182
$                    1,130
$                52
4.6 %
Marine Systems
874
897
(23)
(2.6) %
Combat Systems
1,147
1,075
72
6.7 %
Technologies
1,202
1,227
(25)
(2.0) %
Corporate
(160)
(118)
(42)
(35.6) %
Total
$                   4,245
$                   4,211
$                34
0.8 %
Operating margin:
Aerospace
13.7 %
13.2 %
Marine Systems
7.0 %
8.1 %
Combat Systems
13.9 %
14.7 %
Technologies
9.3 %
9.8 %
Total
10.0 %
10.7 %
EXHIBIT E

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
(Unaudited)
December 31, 2023
December 31, 2022
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and equivalents
$                          1,913
$                          1,242
Accounts receivable
3,004
3,008
Unbilled receivables
7,997
8,795
Inventories
8,578
6,322
Other current assets
2,123
1,696
Total current assets
23,615
21,063
Noncurrent assets:
Property, plant and equipment, net
6,198
5,900
Intangible assets, net
1,656
1,824
Goodwill
20,586
20,334
Other assets
2,755
2,464
Total noncurrent assets
31,195
30,522
Total assets
$                        54,810
$                        51,585
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt                                                  
$                             507
$                          1,253
Accounts payable
3,095
3,398
Customer advances and deposits
9,564
7,436
Other current liabilities
3,266
3,254
Total current liabilities
16,432
15,341
Noncurrent liabilities:
Long-term debt
8,754
9,243
Other liabilities
8,325
8,433
Total noncurrent liabilities
17,079
17,676
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock
482
482
Surplus
3,760
3,556
Retained earnings
39,270
37,403
Treasury stock
(21,054)
(20,721)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,159)
(2,152)
Total shareholders’ equity
21,299
18,568
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$                        54,810
$                        51,585
EXHIBIT F

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
Year Ended December 31
2023
2022
Cash flows from operating activities—continuing operations:
Net earnings
$                        3,315
$                        3,390
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash from operating activities:
Depreciation of property, plant and equipment
608
586
Amortization of intangible and finance lease right-of-use assets
255
298
Equity-based compensation expense
181
165
Deferred income tax benefit
(177)
(178)
(Increase) decrease in assets, net of effects of business acquisitions:
Accounts receivable
38
46
Unbilled receivables
913
(256)
Inventories
(2,219)
(980)
Increase (decrease) in liabilities, net of effects of business acquisitions:
Accounts payable
(303)
224
Customer advances and deposits
2,415
2,082
Income taxes payable
(209)
(436)
Other, net
(107)
(362)
Net cash provided by operating activities
4,710
4,579
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures
(904)
(1,114)
Other, net
(37)
(375)
Net cash used by investing activities
(941)
(1,489)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Dividends paid
(1,428)
(1,369)
Repayment of fixed-rate notes
(1,250)
(1,000)
Purchases of common stock
(434)
(1,229)
Other, net
18
127
Net cash used by financing activities
(3,094)
(3,471)
Net cash (used) provided by discontinued operations
(4)
20
Net increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents
671
(361)
Cash and equivalents at beginning of year
1,242
1,603
Cash and equivalents at end of year
$                        1,913
$                        1,242
EXHIBIT G

ADDITIONAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS
Other Financial Information:
December 31, 2023
December 31, 2022
Debt-to-equity (a)
43.5 %
56.5 %
Book value per share (b)
$                77.85
$                 67.66
Shares outstanding
273,599,948
274,411,106
Fourth Quarter
Twelve Months
2023
2022
2023
2022
Income tax payments, net
$                   607
$                    478
$                   1,100
$                    1,245
Company-sponsored research and development (c)
$                   115
$                    119
$                      510
$                       480
Return on sales (d)
8.6 %
9.1 %
7.8 %
8.6 %
Return on equity (e)
16.8 %
19.0 %
Non-GAAP Financial Measures:
Fourth Quarter
Twelve Months
2023
2022
2023
2022
Free cash flow:
Net cash provided by operating activities
$                1,196
$                 669
$                4,710
$                 4,579
Capital expenditures
(304)
(494)
(904)
(1,114)
Free cash flow (f)
$                   892
$                 175
$                3,806
$                 3,465
Return on invested capital:
Net earnings
$                3,315
$                3,390
     After-tax interest expense
315
309
     After-tax amortization expense
201
235
Net operating profit after taxes
3,831
3,934
Average invested capital
31,258
31,260
     Return on invested capital (g)
12.3 %
12.6 %
December 31, 2023
December 31, 2022
Net debt:
Total debt
$                9,261
$               10,496
Less cash and equivalents
1,913
1,242
Net debt (h)
$                7,348
$                 9,254
Notes describing the calculation of the other financial information and a reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures are on the following page.
EXHIBIT G (Cont.)

ADDITIONAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS
(a)
Debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as total debt divided by total equity as of year end.
(b)
Book value per share is calculated as total equity divided by total outstanding shares as of year end.
(c)
Includes independent research and development and Aerospace product-development costs.
(d)
Return on sales is calculated as net earnings divided by revenue.
(e)
Return on equity is calculated by dividing net earnings by our average total equity during the year. Average total equity is calculated using the total equity balance at the end of the preceding year and the total equity balances at the end of each of the four quarters of the year presented.
(f)
We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures. We believe free cash flow is a useful measure for investors because it portrays our ability to generate cash from our businesses for purposes such as repaying debt, funding business acquisitions, repurchasing our common stock and paying dividends. We use free cash flow to assess the quality of our earnings and as a key performance measure in evaluating management.
(g)
We believe return on invested capital (ROIC) is a useful measure for investors because it reflects our ability to generate returns from the capital we have deployed in our operations. We use ROIC to evaluate investment decisions and as a performance measure in evaluating management. We define ROIC as net operating profit after taxes divided by average invested capital. Net operating profit after taxes is defined as net earnings plus after-tax interest and amortization expense, calculated using the statutory federal income tax rate. Average invested capital is defined as the sum of the average debt and average shareholders’ equity excluding accumulated other comprehensive loss. Average debt and average shareholders’ equity excluding accumulated other comprehensive loss are calculated using the respective balances at the end of the preceding year and the respective balances at the end of each of the four quarters of the year presented. ROIC excludes goodwill impairments and non-economic accounting changes as they are not reflective of company performance.
(h)       
We define net debt as short- and long-term debt (total debt) less cash and equivalents. We believe net debt is a useful measure for investors because it reflects the borrowings that support our operations and capital deployment strategy. We use net debt as an important indicator of liquidity and financial position.
EXHIBIT H
BACKLOG – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS

Funded
Unfunded
Total Backlog
Estimated
Potential
Contract Value*

Total
Estimated
Contract Value

Fourth Quarter 2023:
Aerospace
$              19,557
$                   897
$              20,454
$                       451
$                  20,905
Marine Systems
30,141
15,755
45,896
3,647
49,543
Combat Systems
13,816
721
14,537
6,236
20,773
Technologies
8,961
3,779
12,740
28,011
40,751
Total
$              72,475
$              21,152
$              93,627
$                  38,345
$                131,972
Third Quarter 2023:
Aerospace
$              19,654
$                   405
$              20,059
$                       785
$                  20,844
Marine Systems
30,445
17,277
47,722
3,113
50,835
Combat Systems
14,375
719
15,094
6,098
21,192
Technologies
9,833
2,852
12,685
27,302
39,987
Total
$              74,307
$              21,253
$              95,560
$                  37,298
$                132,858
Fourth Quarter 2022:              
Aerospace
$              19,077
$                   439
$              19,516
$                       685
$                  20,201
Marine Systems
26,246
19,453
45,699
3,672
49,371
Combat Systems
12,726
525
13,251
5,364
18,615
Technologies
9,100
3,571
12,671
26,889
39,560
Total
$              67,149
$              23,988
$              91,137
$                  36,610
$                127,747
*  The estimated potential contract value includes work awarded on unfunded indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (IDIQ)
    contracts and unexercised options associated with existing firm contracts, including options and other agreements with
    existing customers to purchase new aircraft and aircraft services. We recognize options in backlog when the customer
    exercises the option and establishes a firm order. For IDIQ contracts, we evaluate the amount of funding we expect to
    receive and include this amount in our estimated potential contract value. The actual amount of funding received in the

    future may be higher or lower than our estimate of potential contract value.  
EXHIBIT H-1

BACKLOG – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/2324798/Exhibit_H_1.jpg
EXHIBIT H-2

BACKLOG BY SEGMENT – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/2324799/Exhibit_H_2.jpg 
EXHIBIT I

FOURTH QUARTER 2023 SIGNIFICANT ORDERS – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
We received the following significant contract awards during the fourth quarter of 2023:
Marine Systems:
Combat Systems:
Technologies:
EXHIBIT J

AEROSPACE SUPPLEMENTAL DATA – (UNAUDITED) 
DOLLARS IN MILLIONS
Fourth Quarter
Twelve Months
2023
2022
2023
2022
Gulfstream Aircraft Deliveries (units):
Large-cabin aircraft
 
32
 
30
 
89
 
96
Mid-cabin aircraft
7
8
22
24
Total
39
38
111
120
Aerospace Book-to-Bill:
Orders*
$              3,164
$              2,973
$            10,283
$              12,573
Revenue
2,744
2,450
8,621
8,567
Book-to-Bill Ratio
                 1.15x
                 1.21x
                 1.19x
1.47x
*   Does not include customer defaults, liquidated damages, cancellations, foreign exchange fluctuations and other backlog
    adjustments.

SOURCE General Dynamics
General Dynamics (NYSE:GD) announced today that Mark Roualet, who currently serves as executive vice president of Combat Systems, has informed the…
General Dynamics (NYSE: GD) will webcast its fourth-quarter and full-year 2023 financial results conference call on Wednesday, January 24, beginning…
Aerospace, Defense
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Computer & Electronics
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